Antonio Writes

Cypress Component Testing, but where are my styles?!

May 28, 2021

If you’re as excited as I am about Cypress Component Testing, but are wondering why your styles aren’t loading, then keep reading.

We happen to use webpack to bundle our files. Cypress component testing has fantastic support for using your existing webpack configuration. In our app, we happen to load a boostrap.scss file as part of the main app entry.

Cypress overrides the webpack configuration entry with their own browser.js file, which makes sense, given that we’re testing individual components.

If you’re running a React application, bundled by webpack, you will need to configure a cypress/plugins/index.js file with @cypress/webpack-dev-server

If you want your custom styles loaded as part of this, you’ll need to override the template option, with a custom template file.

Here is what I did to make this work:

Create a custom template file in the same plugin location: /cypress/plugins/emplate.ejs.

Template Contents:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>Components App</title>
    <% const s = require('!!css-loader!sass-loader!../../src/styles/bootstrap.scss').default %>
    <style><%= s.toString() %></style>
      #__cy_root {
        padding: 10px
    <div id="__cy_root"></div>

These next two lines are critical:

<% const s = require('!!css-loader!sass-loader!../../src/styles/bootstrap_theme.scss').default %>
<style><%= s.toString() %></style>

The first line, will override the default loader behavior in your WebPack configuration. The second will take the contents parsed by the loaders and will toss them in between the <style /> tag.

Then you’ll need to include this in your cypress plugin (cypress/plugins/index.js_:

const path = require('path')

const template = path.resolve(__dirname, './template.ejs')

module.exports = (on, config) => {
    if (config.testingType === 'component') {
        const { startDevServer } = require('@cypress/webpack-dev-server')

        const webpackConfig = require('../../webpack.config') // Path to app webpack config

        on('dev-server:start', (options) => {
            return startDevServer({
                webpackConfig: webpackConfig(),
                template, // Override template option

    return config

Here cypress will use your custom template when testing your custom components.

I received some compile warnings, that seemed to be specific to the node environment cypress was running in, I updated my cypress.json file with this line, to ensure that cypress was using my current node environment:

  "nodeVersion": "system"

And that was pretty much it, I was now able to test my components with our dedicated application stylesheet.

Written by Antonio. Follow me on Twitter